№ 4 "Технологический прорыв к эффективному недропользованию" / Сентябрь 2019 г.

Журнал Недропользование XXI / Номер 4 "Технологический прорыв к эффективному недропользованию" / 2019 г.
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Содержание
№4
Сентябрь

Тема номера: "Технологический прорыв к эффективному недропользованию"
Вопрос номера
4
А.В. Давыдов, Н.С. Пономарев, С.В. Шаклеин, А.С. Зельберг, Р.И. Исмагилов
Как стимулировать инновации в технологический сервис при геологоразведке, проектировании разработки месторождений углеводородного сырья?

Государственный взгляд
9
С.М. Миронов
Чтобы выбраться из «инвестиционной ямы», нужно объединить промышленность и науку

Глобальное недропользование
14
Д.П. Забродин
Обновленная классификация SPE-PRMS. Что нового?

Вести из комитета Государственной Думы
22
А.Н. Ищенко
Хроника законодательной работы

Науки о Земле: сырьевая база и геологоразведка
26
А.Я. Фурсов, Е.В. Молодцова
Экспертиза как продолжение изучения месторождения и повышения достоверности запасов УВС

30
Н.Б. Красильникова
Предложения по внесению изменений и разъяснений в руководящие документы по подсчету запасов УВ по точности определения параметров

34
Л.И. Минлигалиева, В.Ю. Керимов
Условия формирования ловушек и залежей углеводородов в поднадвиговых зонах Предуралья

46
М.Н. Железняк, М.М. Шац
Геолого-геокриологические условия Верхне-Мунского алмазного рудного поля на этапе завершения разведки

56
Е.Ю. Потапова
Методические подходы и требования к экспертизе запасов питьевых и технических подземных вод

Науки о Земле: сервис и импортозамещение
60

Э.М. Салимгареева, И.З. Муллагалин, А.П. Чиркунов, А.Б. Галиев, Р.И. Арсланов
Исследование применимости замеров статического уровня при ремонтах скважин в качестве оценок пластового давления

70
А.А. Садыков
Параметры процесса гидромониторного размыва, исключающие дробление янтаря на карьере Калининградского янтарного комбината

Науки о Земле: тема номера
76
М.Ю. Данько, Л.С. Бриллиант, А.С. Завьялов
Применение метода динамического материального баланса и CRM-метода (capacitance-resistive models) к подсчету запасов ачимовских и баженовских коллекторов

86
Ю.П. Коноплев, А.Г. Демченко
Оценка добычных возможностей термошахтным способом на месторождениях тяжелой нефти

97
В.Н. Амельченко, Д.М. Соболев, А.В. Бембеев, В.А. Бембеев
Теория и практические результаты инновационной технологии частотно-динамического анализа сейсмических волновых полей (МЧК)

107
Н.П. Запивалов
Нефтяной полигон в Новосибирской области

114
А.А. Полищук, В.В. Трухин, М.М. Бляшук, О.В. Цинкевич, А.С. Алексеев, Л.С. Бриллиант, М.Ф. Печеркин
Развитие практических решений в задачах Управления Заводнением на основе нейросетевой оптимизации режимов работы нагнетательных скважин

124
А.Ю. Каташов, А.В. Гурьянов, Ю.А. Котанев, Г.Н. Овчинников, В.В. Киселев
Повышение эффективности разработки месторождений с помощью технологий Big Data

134
П.П. Повжик
Создание системного подхода - путь повышения эффективности разработки трудноизвлекаемых запасов нефти месторождений Припятского прогиба.

Науки о Земле: дискуссионный клуб
144
Е.М. Данилова, М.Н. Попова, А.М. Хитров
О перспективах газовой сланцевой революции в России*

150
А.И. Тимурзиев
Состояние ТЭК России и официальной нефтегазовой науки, определяющей направления ГРР в стране

164
М.З. Рачинский
К вопросу «синклинальной» нефти

166
И.В. Истратов
О проблеме «синклинальной» нефти

Экономика природопользования
170
О.Н. Скоробогатько
Риски выполнения целей национальной энергостратегии вследствие снижения экономической эффективности углубляющих процессов нефтепереработки

Новости

178
О.В. Трофимова, В.И. Костевич
ФБУ ГКЗ: динамика движения запасов

180
Т.П. Линде
Результаты рассмотрения экспертизы запасов месторождений полезных ископаемых

185
Л.Г. Колова, П.О. Липай
ЕСОЭН приглашает на «Рабочее место эксперта»

186
В.Г. Браткова, В.А. Примха, О.В. Трофимова
ЭТС: подведены итоги апробации временных методик подсчета запасов в бажене и доманике

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The Question of this Issue
4
A.V. Davydov, N.S. Ponomarev, S.V. Shaklein, A.S. Zelberg, R.I. Ismagilov
How to Stimulate Innovations in Technological Services During Geological Exploration, Designing the Development of Hydrocarbon Deposits?

State Piont of View
9
C.M. Mironov
To Get out of the "Investment Hole", You Need to Combine Industry and Science

Global subsoil use
14
D.P. Zabrodin
Updated SPE-PRMS Classification. What's New?

Petroleum Resources Management System by SPE (PRMS) published in 2007 is widely used all over the world to assess resources of petroleum properties. Its definitions and guidelines apply to any quantities of oil and gas, namely: discovered and undiscovered, both in “conventional” and “unconventional” accumulations, recoverable and unrecoverable, and also produced as on the specific date. Project related to their exploration, assessment or development is considered as a basis for resource assessment in any stages of fields and pools studies and development. The system is based on resources classification in accordance with a project chances to achieve a commercial result, and also categorization of undiscovered recoverable resources depending on their probability of recovery. Economic assessment of resources of each Project is based on production forecasts and Net Cash Flow associated with them. The updated version of SPE-PRMS system was published in July 2018; while maintaining all the basic principles and approaches, the original wordings were duly clarified and edited, and some new ones were added with particular focus on commercial aspects. Definitions of basic terms and guidelines for their application were also considerable broadened and supplemented. The paper briefly presents both the original principles and concepts of SPE-PRMS system and changes made in its updated version.

News from the State Duma Committee
22
A.N. Itshenko
Chronicle of Legislative Work

Geosciences: mineral resources base and geologic exploration
26
A.Ya. Fursov, E.V. Molodzova
Expert Review as a Continuation of Field Studies and Improvement of Reliability of HC Reserves

The practice of geological models and reserves expertise confirms the conclusions of leading researchers about the existence of certain HC reserves, especially in the large structurally complicated fields. The use of some methodological techniques in the course of expert review, which are considered in the paper will facilitate their identification.

Keywords: field reserves assessment; system analysis of reserves changes in reservoir; undervaluation of reserves in reservoir; geometrisation of reservoir

30
N.B. Krasilnikova
Proposal for Corrections and Clarifications to the Guidelines for HC Reserves Assessment in the Context of Parameters Determination Accuracy

It is shown that the current requirements related to the measured values in the guidelines for HC reserves assessment and model building could be simultaneously met only for the conventional reservoirs having average thickness exceeding 10 m and porosity higher than 10%. For a huge number of fields, including those super-giant, where reserves occur in less than 10 m thick formations and reservoirs having porosity less than 10% (as a rule, cavernous-fractured carbonate reservoirs), meeting these requirements causes unacceptable errors in reserves. Reserves assessment error for reservoirs having net thickness not exceeding 10 m and porosity less than 10% is estimated. It is proved that the error exceeds the acceptable relative ± 5%. With a thickness less than 2 m, the error can be 25%; with a porosity less than 2% — more than relative 50%. The need for a differentiated approach to the calculation accuracy of parameters representation is proved (net thickness, porosity) for oil and gas reserves assessment. The authors propose on making and approving the relevant changes and clarifications to the guidelines on HC reserves assessment (recommended practices, requirements for content and documentation).

Keywords: Recommended practices for the use of Reserves classification; porosity; rounding off; Regulations on the preparation of project design documentation for oil and gas field development

34
L.I. Minligalieva, V.Yu. Kerimov
Settings for Hydrocarbon Traps and Accumulations Formation in the Urals Subthrust Zones

Subject of the research is the Preduralsky-Prednovozemelsky oil-and-gas accumulation belt. Basing on geomechanical simulation, the authors analysed geodynamic evolution of the eastern shoulder of the Preduralsky trough. The results of studies of settings for hydrocarbon traps and accumulations formation in reverse-overthrust structures of its eastern shoulder are presented. Intensive blanket-fold dislocations of western vergence are manifested in the eastern shoulder of the Urals trough. Their formation is associated with the continental collision that occurred at the consumption of the Urals paleo-ocean. In the eastern shoulder of the Preduralsky-Prednovozemelsky belt, a system of reverse-overthrust-type faults and high-amplitude folds is developed. 2D geomechanical numerical simulation is carried out for southern and northern segments. On the result of the studies, a conceptual model of hydrocarbon pools formation in the zones of fold-reverse-overthrust structural paragenetic sequences (in reverse-overthrust structures) development and in the subthrust zones (in the structural elements overlapped by thrusts) is created. The authors show that reverse-overthrust and subthrust structures of Urals frontal folds are favourable for oil and gas pools formation.

Keywords: reverse-overthrust structures; geomechanical simulation; Urals frontal folds; subthrust zones; Urals foredeep; Preduralsky-Prednovozemelsky oil-and-gas accumulation belt; hydrocarbons


46
M.N. Zheleznyak, M.M. Shatz, PhD
Geological and Geocryological Settings of Verkhne-Munsky Diamond Field in the Final Stage of Exploration

The paper describes geocryological settings in one of the largest investment projects of the ALROSA diamond mining company —development of Verkhne-Munsky diamond field in the north-western Yakutia. Starting with the basic initial stage — exploration, the following works were carried out: exploratory drilling and soil boring; drill-and-fire trenching; geophysical surveys; package of laboratory works on well cores and mines. Drilling operations allowed creating a system of vertical and controlled directional core holes.    Within the framework of exploration efforts, a implementation program for infrastructure construction of Verkhne-Munsky field was prepared and approved in 2015.    Mining started on October 31, 2018.The decision taken by ALROSA's Executive Committee in spring 2018, which is fundamental in terms of geotechnological aspect, is the refusal to build processing facilities directly at the Verkhne-Munsky field. A mining enterprise with an annual production capacity of 3 million tons of ore per year will be created there; and ore processing will be carried out at the existing facilities of Processing Plant No. 12 of the Udachninsky Mining Complex. Geotechnical solution will considerably strengthen the economic attractiveness of the project. Complicated geological, permafrost and other natural conditions determining the choice of technological solutions for the project implementation are shown, its prospects are considered.
        
Keywords: geological and geocryological settings; exploration; geotechnical solutions; project opportunities; geocryological specific character

56
E.Yu. Potapova
Methods of and Requirements for Expert Assessment of Potable and Ground Water Reserves

The objectives of expert review are to assess the following: compliance of prospecting and exploration or prospecting and appraisal work materials with the requirements of regulatory and procedural documents for state expert review; completeness and reliability of chemical, radiological and bacteriological testing of ground water of the target water-bearing object; compliance of water quality with the standards; correctness and justification of the hydrogeological parameters used for calculations; substantiation of grid, and reserves assessment and calculation method; confirmation of reserves categorisation; assigning reserves to state-registered  economic or subeconomic. Expert opinion is the main document on the basis of which high-impact decisions are made to determine the following: scale of groundwater deposit, exploration maturity, reliability of parameters, compliance of water quality with the intended use; preparedness for commercial development; and also approval (or rejection) of reserves, and assessment of exploration works quality and efficiency. Expert opinion should be clear and should contain specific estimates and proposals on all questions of principle related to the submitted reserves assessment.

Keywords: ground water; expert review of reserves; substantiation; confirmability; exploration maturity; sufficiency; expert opinion

Geosciences: service and import substitution
60
E.M. Salimgareeva, I.Z. Mullagalin, A.P. Chirkunov, A.B. Galiev, R.I. Arslanov
Study of Applicability of Static Level Measurements During Well Workover in Capacity of Reservoir Pressure Estimates

The work is devoted to the results of the first field experiments to study the limits of applicability of a number of published approaches to assessment of reservoir energy state using the data obtained during its development: drilling fluid density and static levels in the course of well stimulation. It is shown that despite the attractiveness, which is expressed in the absence of oil shortage compared to the direct measurements of reservoir pressure, the described approaches have a number of limitations; non-compliance with them causes a considerable error in reservoir pressure estimation (up to 90%). Based on the results of the work, the limits of applicability of the considered methods for the PJSC TATNEFT oil fields were identified.

Keywords: reservoir energy monitoring; reservoir pressure; static level in a well after workover; well flushing-out

70
A.A. Sadykov
Parameters of Hydraulic Mining Excluding a Possibility of Amber Crushing in the Kaliningrad Amber Combine Quarry

The currently used industrial technology of hydraulic mining, which was implemented in the Kaliningrad Amber Combine quarry many years ago causes crushing of the most valuable large pieces of amber with high-pressure jets. It is proposed to set the balance between the parameters of the equipment used and the strength properties of the amber-bearing rock ("blue earth") to eliminate crushing of amber. Curves of variations of axial dynamic pressure of monitor washing jet as a function of water operating pressure head before the jet nozzle, its size and distance between the monitor and quarry face were built. The range of variation of distance between the monitor and quarry face is determined, at which the "blue earth" is effectively mined and the amber crushing is excluded.

Keywords: technology of amber hydraulic mining; axial dynamic pressure of monitor washing jet; water operating pressure head before the jet nozzle; nozzle size; distance between hydraulic monitor and quarry face; balance between parameters of monitor washing and strength properties of "blue earth" that eliminates crushing of amber

Geosciences: the main topic of the issue
76
M.Yu. Danko, L.S. Brilliant, A.S. Zavyzlov
Application of Dynamic Material Balance Method and CRM Method (Capacitance-resistive Models) for Reserves Assessment in Achimov and Bazhenov Reservoirs

Problem of dynamic material balance method application to the assessment of recoverable and drainage reserves in Achimov and Bazhenov reservoirs is considered. An alternative to the semigraphical solution of the dynamic material balance equation based on the CRM (capacitance-resistive models) method is proposed. The method is based on analytical solution of combination of continuity equations and Darcy’s law; it makes possible estimation of the drainage pore volume even in the case of injection and presence of aquifer zone. Drainage radius of the well is calculated; optimal well spacing and grid density are substantiated from the position of achieving the maximum oil recovery factor without reducing the economic parameters of development. Application of the method is especially promising for low-permeable reservoirs having complicated lenticular structure and high discontinuity, such as the Achimov and Tyumen reservoirs

Keywords: material balance equation; volumetric resistivity model; CRM; shale; Bazhenov Formation; Achimov Formation; oil reserves assessment

86
Yu.P. Konoplev, A.G. Demchenko,
Assessment of Theoretical Production Capacity Using the Thermal Mining Technology in Heavy Oil Fields

The work assesses theoretical production capacity for three heavy oil fields, where the thermal mining technology is implemented, they are: Russky, Van-Egansky, and Romashkinsky-N. The assessment shows that oil production levels in these fields can be significantly increased. An example of Yaregsky high-viscosity oil field development using the thermal mining technology is taken as an analogue. Further development of this work will be estimation of oil production in the Russian heavy oil fields.

Keywords: thermal mining technology; heavy oil; thermal-steam formation treatment; combined surface-underground system

97
V.N. Amelchenko, D.M. Sobolev, A.V. Bembeev, V.A. Bembeev
Innovative Technology of Seismic Wave Field Frequency-dynamic Analysis (FCM): Theory and Application Results

Innovative method of seismic wave field frequency-dynamic analysis (Frequency Composition Method - FCM) is presented; it is used to obtain information about oil and gas bearing capacity of geological section and exploration targets prepared for exploratory drilling, and also to determine residual hydrocarbon productivity of the fields under development. The method is based on the use of seismoacoustic response of hydrocarbon deposit in the interaction with the incident wave front as a search criterion. In the course of amplitude processing of 2D CDP seismic time fields or 3D CDP time cubes, areas of the abnormal features of wavefield are identified (amplitude, frequency, periodicity), which have a certain relationship typical only of oil and gas reservoirs. As a result of interpretation, the location of the deposit is determined. FCM is a tool for detailed seismic studies. The reflected wave fields obtained using the conventional CDP seismic surveys are the input data. With the help of the FCM, the tasks of detecting hydrocarbon accumulations and determining their spatial position are successfully solved. In the brown fields, areas containing maximum residual oil reserves can be determined. The paper presents the results convincingly confirming the efficiency of application of the innovative frequency composition method for exploration and geometrisation of hydrocarbon accumulations in different geological and geoseismic conditions in Russia and neighbouring countries

Keywords: seismic exploration; innovation; method of wave field frequency analysis; hydrocarbon exploration

107
N.P. Zapivalov
Oil Testing Facility in Novosibirsk Region

The author believes that oil deposit is a living fluid/rock system. As a result of highly intensive methods of development, "health" of the Verkh-Tarsky field was undermined and production began to decline sharply. Oil testing facility should become a part of Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences as a non-profit scientific enterprise. Siberian scientists should find the ways to “treat tired fields” and produce residual (difficult-to-recover) oil. This could become an international project.

Keywords: Novosibirsk region; oil fields; development challenges; oil testing facility; international project

114
A.A. Polishchuk, V.V. Trukhin, M.M. Blyashuk, O.V. Tsinkevich, A.S. Alekseev, L.S. Brilliant, M.F. Pecherkin
Waterflooding Management on the Basis of the Neural Net Optimization of the Injection Well Operation Process: Development of Practical Solutions

Nowadays, oil and gas producing enterprises demonstrate a deep interest in high-tech solutions; taken together, these solutions are referred to as "intellectual" or "digital" field. One of the urgent tasks of oil field development intellectualization is a "smart" management of injection well operation process. Since 2013, Tyumen Oil and Gas Institute, LLC collects practical knowledge in the area of waterflooding performance improvement. Methodology proposed by the company’s specialists is a proxy-model of a filed, which is created on the basis of neural network and initial production data. “Optimal” metrics of water injection into reservoir, which are obtained using neural net optimization, allow achieving reduction of production costs and slowing down decline of oil production. Practice of introducing such technologies dictates the necessity to determine the performance indicators that can be used to control the process of oil and gas production. This paper analyses the practical results of  OOO TING and OOO LUKOIL-Western Siberia of TPP Pokachevneftegaz collaboration on waterflooding management in the Kechimovsky field.

Keywords: digital oil field; proxy-modelling; artificial neural networks; wells interference; waterflood management; waterflood optimization; sustainability of system RPM optimisation

124
A.Yu. Katashov A.V. Guryanov, Yu.A. Kotenev, K.N. Ovchinnikov, V.V. Kiselev
Improving Field Development Efficiency Using Big Data Technologies

The present article focuses on the issues related to improving field development efficiency using Big Data technologies. The oil and gas industry is increasingly applying Big Data technologies aimed at obtaining reliable information in difficult geological conditions. The advent of these technologies, predictive analysis, and machine-learning are changing the image of many industries, and the oil and gas industry being no exception. New developers of such technologies offer the oil industry a huge variety of new solutions for application. Digitalization will affect the entire value chain in the oil and gas industry. The most promising segments for the transition to digital technologies are asset management and infrastructure facilities, development of oil and gas fields, geophysical exploration, processing and transportation of hydrocarbons. The authors of the article present a new approach to monitoring the oil and gas fields development through horizontal well production logging using markers to obtain bottomhole data. The technology is based on the application of marker-reporters based on quantum dots and placed in the polymer proppant coating in the lower completion. In contrast to conventional logging, this technology does not require special means of equipment delivery, is not associated with the risks of equipment getting stuck in the well and ambiguous data interpretation. The article highlights the examples of calculations performed using hydrodynamic models based on the data obtained by production logging using markers and visualization of the results on the field scale. The developed technology allows automatic transfer of information to oil producing companies’ databases. Moreover, compared to conventional methods, the amount of logging data is increased tenfold. Instead of a one-time image of well operation, the oil producing company receives information continuously for several years. The production process is highly digitized, e.g. software with machine-learning algorithms and the use of cognitive methods for bottomhole data interpretation. The approach is outstanding in terms of digitalization, as it involves the application of innovative well logging technologies.

Keywords: marker diagnostics, MFrac, horizontal well production logging, Big Data technologies, hydrodynamic modeling, machine-learning, oil and gas technologies  


134
P.P. Povzhik
Systemic Approach - a Way to Improve the Efficiency of the Difficult-to-recover Oil Reserves Development in the Pripyat Trough Fields

The paper discusses the challenges of oil fields development in the Pripyat Trough. It is shown that difficult-to-recover reserves (DTR) make up to 70% in the structure of residual recoverable reserves. Classification of commercial technologies introduced to support oil production is presented. These technologies do not take into account geological and geophysical features of development targets. In order to improve the efficiency of residual recoverable reserves development, the need to develop a systematic approach to planning and implementation of enhanced oil recovery technologies is substantiated.

Keywords: difficult-to-recover reserves; reservoir stimulation technologies; geological and physical characteristics of reservoirs; systems approach; innovative technologies

Geosciences: debating club
144
E.M. Danilova, M.N. Popova, A.M. Khitrov
Prospects of the Shale Gas Revolution in Russia

The idea of hydrocarbon resource base replenishing due to shale formations has been actively discussed over the last decade. The authors conducted comparative assessment of parameters of US gas fields in shale formations and gas fields in West Siberian natural conventional reservoirs; this work showed that shale revolution has no prospects in Russia. Russia is already technically supplied with commercial gas for at least a century.

Keywords: shale formations; gas; resource base; production; porosity; permeability; resources; reserves; field; natural reservoirs

150
A.I. Timurziev
Current State of Russian Fuel and Energy Complex and Official Petroleum Science Determine Exploration Trends in the Country

The paper contains the main provisions (abstract) of the plenary presentation made by the Chair of Organizing Committee of Kudryavtsev Scientific Conference – Russian Conference on the deep oil and gas genesis – at the opening of the Sixth Conference (October 22, 2018)

Keywords: oil production; energy security; production decline; scientific paradigm of petroleum industry development; difficult-to-recover reserves; Bazhenov Formation; theory of inorganic petroleum origin; deep oil

164
M.Z. Rachinsky
More on “Synclinal” Oil

It is obvious that in most of the well-studied basins the fund of anticlinal structures is almost exhausted, and certain attention is now drawn to "non-structural" (non-anticlinal) traps. This is essentially a kind of approximation to HC exploration in synclines, where formation of some diversity of "non-structural" deposits is possible. V.A. Karpov’s paper “More on “synclinal” oil problem” is devoted to this topic (Nedropolzovanie XXI vek, 2019, No. 3)  

Keywords: hydrocarbon generation and accumulation; anticlinal structures; non-structural traps; strategy and tactics of exploration and prospecting

166
I.V. Istratov
Problem of “Synclinal” Oil

The author supports V.A. Karpov's proposal that geology, tectonics, and oil and gas occurrence of negative structures (synclines, troughs, depressions, lateral and deep seated parts) should be studied in both old and new promising onshore and offshore petroleum provinces  

Keywords: negative structure; migration; fault; meso-fracture; oil; gas

Environmental economics
O.N. Skorobogatko

Risks of Meeting the National Energy Strategy Goals Because of Decrease in the Economic Efficiency of the Deeper Oil Refining Processes

The paper discusses risks of meeting the RF Ministry of Energy national energy strategy goals in oil and gas sector of industry because of changes in the market conditions and Russian tax legislation. Basing on the process flow of the model refinery, decomposition of petroleum refining efficiency index is made to the level of individual units; and the trends that formed following the drop in oil prices in 2014 are analysed. Calculation results demonstrate that commerciality of deeper conversion processes considerably decreases in recent years. Changes in economic conditions coupled with the tax reform in petroleum industry pose risks of failure to achieve the goals of the industry development approved by the project of national energy strategy until 2035.

Keywords: Energy strategy 2035; increase in oil conversion ratio; refinery economic modelling; decomposition of petroleum refining margins

News
178
O.V. Trofimova, V.I. Kostevich
State Commission for Reserves of Commercial Minerals: dynamics of reserves

180
T.P. Linde
The Results of the Examination of the Reserves of Mineral Deposits

185
L.G. Kolova, P.O. Lipay
ESOEN Invites to the "Workplace of an Expert"

186
B.G. Bratkova, V.A. Primkha, O.V. Trofimova
ETS: Summarized the Approbation of Temporary Methods for Calculating Reserves in Bazhen and Domanica

190
News


190
Новости